search for




 

Clinical Aspect on Malodor Control
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2020;16(1):1-6
Published online March 31, 2020;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2020.16.1.1
© 2020 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Kyu-Hwan Lee

Department of Preventive Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
Correspondence to: Kyu-Hwan Lee
E-mail: recovery@hanmail.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0918-8711
Received March 20, 2020; Revised March 27, 2020; Accepted March 29, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Oral malodor is an oral health problem that needs to be managed appropriately. However, several cases of oral malodor have been referred to a general physician or psychiatrist owing to problems that are not related to the field of dentistry. This study aimed to introduce guidelines for malodor control based on the original classification of oral malodor. The number of true oral malodor cases are few, and the majority of them are related to malodor phobia in patients with mild psychosomatic problems. The dentist should control the cases of true oral malodor based on the cause as follows: those caused by physiological problems should be referred for consultation, whereas those caused due to pathologic problems such as poor oral hygiene, tongue plaque, oral diseases (caries or periodontal disease) should be treated accordingly. Moreover, in the case of diseases pertaining to internal medicine, they should be treated following consultation with a medical doctor. Several cases of malodor are false and should be included in the control program within the dental field, except for those related to internal medicine or found in patients with psychiatric problems.
Keywords : halitosis, oral malodor
References
  1. Lee MO, Lee MG, Hwang SY, Choi SH. A clinical study on daily variation of oral malodor gases. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2010;6:99-106.
  2. Tonzetich J. Oral malodour: an indicator of health status and oral cleanliness. Int Dent J 1978;28:309-19.
  3. Jung HY, Shin SC, Cho JW, Kim IS. A clinical study on oral mal-odor related to saliva and tongue plaque. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2005;1:54-63.
  4. Paik DI, Kim HD, Jin BH, Park YD, Shin SC, Cho JW, et al. Clinical preventive dentistry. 5th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2011:289-312.
  5. Kim YS, Mun YH, Kim SH, Cho JW. Correlation co-efficient between dental plaque and halitosis. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2009;5:241-9.
  6. De Boever EH, De Uzeda M, Loesche WJ. Relationship between volatile sulfur compounds, BANA-hydrolyzing bacteria and gingival health in patients with and without complaints of oral malodor. J Clin Dent 1994;4:114-9.
  7. Paik DI, Shin SC, Cho JW, Chang YS, Lee MG. Oral malodour control. Seoul: Pacific Books; 2011:133-84.


March 2020, 16 (1)