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Effect of Bone Diseases of Adult Women on Their Discomfort while Chewing and Periodontal Disease
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2019;15(4):178-182
Published online December 31, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2019.15.4.178
© 2019 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Eun-hee Lee

Department of Dental Hygiene, Busan Women's College, Busan, Korea
Correspondence to: Eun-hee Lee
E-mail: arch1981@naver.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1084-8286
Received December 18, 2019; Revised December 22, 2019; Accepted December 29, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between bone diseases, a typical disease in Korean adult women, and oral diseases and specific ways to use the findings to promote oral health.
Methods: This study analyzed the raw data of 2,848 subjects aged 20 years and older who participated in the 6-3rd Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015). The chi-squared test was used to analyze the general characteristics of the subjects, as well as the relationships between the prevalence rate of bone diseases, discomfort while chewing, and treatment for periodontal disease. General characteristics of the subjects and discomfort while chewing were analyzed using logistic regression.
Results: Discomfort while chewing and periodontal disease treatment increased with age (p<0.01). From the education level, patients with education levels below elementary school had more symptoms (p<0.01). In regard to the related factors, discomfort while chewing increased with age (odds ratio (OR)>1.00) and there was a tendency toward an association between higher income level and higher education and less discomfort while chewing (OR<1.00).
Conclusions: The results showed no direct or obvious relationship between bone disease and periodontal disease but discomfort while chewing increased with the prevalence of bone disease. Therefore, the study indicated that oral conditions could affect discomfort while chewing.
Keywords : periodontal diseases, bone diseases, mastication
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