search for




 

Removal of Dental Plaque from Orthodontic Brackets Using a Fixed Orthodontic Bracket Electric Toothbrush
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2019;15(2):108-111
Published online June 30, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2019.15.2.108
© 2019 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Heeja Na

Department of Dental Hygiene, Honam University, Gwangju, Korea
Received May 7, 2019; Revised June 10, 2019; Accepted June 17, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
This study aimed to compare the rates of plaque removal from artificial tooth surfaces after brushing with a fixed orthodontic bracket electric toothbrush, an electric toothbrush, and a manual toothbrush to improve the success rate of orthodontic treatment by effectively managing oral care of orthodontic patients. A tooth model with fixed orthodontic brackets was stained with an artificial plaque disclosing agent in an occlusal state and washed twice with water. The amount of the disclosing agent remaining on the tooth surfaces after brushing was examined, on the basis of which the amount of plaque on the tooth surfaces was calculated using O’Leary index. Significance was set at p<0.05. There was a statistically significant between-group difference in group-difference in the amount of the disclosing agent that remained on the tooth surfaces after brushing between with toothbrushes, the three types of toothbrushes, with an electric toothbrushes and manual toothbrushes after tooth brushing for brackets, with an F-statistic value of value of 5.037 for the mean difference of among the three groups and a significance of p-value of 0.001 and a significance level of 0.05. Electric toothbrushes are more effective than manual toothbrushes in removing dental plaque and controlling gingivitis.
Keywords : dental plaque, electric toothbrush, bacterial counts, orthodontic brackets
References
  1. Kim BI, Kwon HK, Kim SH, Kim YS, Kim HS, No HJ, et al. Textbook of oral care products. Seoul: Charmyun Publishing;2010:25-36, 41-8.
  2. Kim JB, Choi YJ, Moon HS, Kim JB, Lee HS, Park DY, et al. Public oral health. 3rd ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2000:29-31.
  3. Yang SJ, Moon HS, Kim JB. A study on the effect of toothbrushing and tongue - brushing in reduction of oral malodor. J Korean Acad Oral Health 1993;17:268-78.
  4. Kim JB, Choi YJ, Paik DI, Shin SC, Jang KW, Hong SJ, et al. Preventive dentistry. 5th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2012:123-52.
  5. Lee SY, Shin SC, Cho JW. A clinical study on plaque removal and gingival inflammation effect of AFT type toothbrush. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2005;1:19-28.
  6. Chun JA, Cho MJ. The standardization of toothbrush form for Korean adult. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2014;10:227-35.
    CrossRef
  7. Ainamo J, Xie Q, Ainamo A, Kallio P. Assessment of the effect of an oscillating/rotating electric toothbrush on oral health. A 12-month longitudinal study. J Clin Periodontol 1997;24:28-33.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Smulow JB, Turesky SS, Hill RG. The effect of supragingival plaque removal on anaerobic bacteria deep periodontal pockets. J Am Dent Assoc 1983;107:737-42.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Ministry of Health and Welfare. National oral health survey [Internet]. Sejong: Ministry of Health and Welfare [cited 2014 Feb 1].
  10. Douglass CW, Fox CH. Cross-sectional studies in periodontal disease: current status and implications for dental practice. Adv Dent Res 1993;7:25-31.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  11. Robinson PG, Deacon SA, Deery C, Heanue M, Walmsley AD, Worthington HV, et al. Manual versus powered toothbrushing for oral health. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005;(2):CD002281.
    CrossRef
  12. Saxer UP, Yankell SL. Impact of improved toothbrushes on dental diseases. Quintessence Int 1997;28:513-25.


June 2019, 15 (2)