search for


Study on the Relationship between Age and Sex Distribution of Periodontal Diseases and Their Relation-ship with Oral Care Behavior
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2019;15(2):82-88
Published online June 30, 2019;
© 2019 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Ok Sun Choi

Department of Dental Hygiene, Gimcheon University, Gimcheon, Korea
Correspondence to: Ok Sun Choi
Received May 17, 2019; Revised June 11, 2019; Accepted June 12, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objective: To investigate the oral care behaviors of the subjects by sex and age.
Methods: A questionnaire survey was implemented using 96 persons (45 males and 51 females) who had gingivitis and periodontal disease at Kim Dental Clinic in Daejeon city from January 2 to March 10, 2015.
Results: The greater the experience of prophylaxis education and the experience of brushing by the subjects, the more likely the subjects were to be brushing their teeth properly (p<0.05). Also, the use of interdental toothbrushes increased with age, while the use of dental floss also increased with age (p<0.05). The younger subjects enjoyed soda, cake and candy, and confectionary more markedly, while the elderly subjects over 61 years enjoyed snacks with sugar (p<0.05). Among those under 20 years of age, gum edema and halitosis were very common, while bleeding and tooth mobility problems when brushing were more prominent among those who were 41 years of age or older.
Conclusion:To prevent the periodontal disease, proper toothbrushing techniques should be effectively communicated by experts, and oral hygiene devices should be also used continuously. Informing subjects of the importance of bacterial membrane management through periodontal oral examination and gum treatment is also necessary. Various kinds of programs for improving oral health are to be developed so that the periodontal disease is reduced in its frequency of occurrence.
Keywords : periodontitis, oral health behavior, oral care device, health promotion, preventive care
  1. Pihlstrom BL, Michalowicz BS, Johnson NW. Periodontal diseases. Lancet 2005;366:1809-20.
  2. Jung JH, Kim KY, Jeong SH, Kim KS, Lee YM. The effect of the oral health behaviors on the periodontal status in teenagers. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2014;14:163-71.
  3. Kwon YJ. Periodontal disease and prevention in children. J Korean Dent Assoc 1981;19:495-9.
  4. Kim SM, Yang KH, Choi NK, Kang MS, Oh JS. Quantitative detection of periodontopathic bacteria using real-time PCR. J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent 2008;35:494-503.
  5. Sim SJ. Association between obesity and periodontitis in Korean. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2019;15:11-8.
  6. Obeid P, Bercy P. Effects of smoking on periodontal health: a review. Adv Ther 2000;17:230-7.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  7. Kim HJ. An analysis of some university students' smoking experience and perception of oral health. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2018;14:119-25.
  8. Telivuo M, Kallio P, Berg MA, Korhonen HJ, Murtomaa H. Smoking and oral health: a population survey in Finland. J Public Health Dent 1995;55:133-8.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  9. Derdivanis JP, Bushmaker S, Dagenais F. Effects of a mouthwash in an irrigating device on accumulation and maturation of dental plaque. J Periodontol 1978;49:81-4.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  10. Na HJ. Changes in dental plaque and bacteria by the use of toothpaste containing sodium hydrogen carbonate. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2014;10:197-202.
  11. Khader Y, Khassawneh B, Obeidat B, Hammad M, El-Salem K, Bawadi H, et al. Periodontal status of patients with metabolic syndrome compared to those without metabolic syndrome. J Periodontol 2008;79:2048-53.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  12. Iacopino AM. Periodontitis and diabetes interrelationships: role of inflammation. Ann Periodontol 2001;6:125-37.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  13. Yom YH, Han JH. Factors associated with oral health related-quality of life in elderly persons: applying Andersen’s model. Korean J Fundam Nurs 2014;21:18-28.
  14. Ministry of Health and Welfare. 2010 Oral health survey. Seoul:Ministry of Health and Welfare; 2011:70, 103-4.
  15. Yun JH, Park JE, Kim DI, Lee SI, Choi SH, Cho KS, et al. Identification of putative periodontal pathogens in Korean chronic periodontitis patients. J Periodontal Implant Sci 2008;38:143-52.
  16. Lee SK, Song KB, Jeon HJ. The improvement of knowledge and management capability of oral Health according to the oral health education system for elementary school student. J Korean Soc Sch Health 1999;12:295-303.
  17. Do JI. Effect oral health education has on the knowledge and behavior concerning oral health [thesis]. [Kongju]: Kongju National University; 2013.
  18. Lim CY, Oh HW. The relationship between oral health behaviors and periodontal health status of Korean adolescents. J Korean Acad Oral Health 2013;37:65-72.
  19. Kim SJ, Lim SA, Park SJ, Kim DK. Assessment oral health-related quality of life using the Oral Health Impact Profile(OHIP). J Korean Acad Dent Health 2004;28:559-69.
  20. Hong MH, Jeong MA. Investigation into the scaling the actual condition of patients at the oral prophylaxis lab in D college in Gangwon province and their use of oral hygiene supplies. J Korean Contents Assoc 2009;9:166-73.
  21. Yun JA, Cho KS, Chai JK, Kim CK. A survey research on the recognition of periodontal disease among the residents in the Seoul-Gyoung-Gi area. J Korean Acad Periodontol 1989;19:89-110.

June 2019, 15 (2)