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Study on the Relationship between Age and Sex Distribution of Periodontal Diseases and Their Relation-ship with Oral Care Behavior
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2019;15(2):82-88
Published online June 30, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2019.15.2.82
© 2019 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Ok Sun Choi

Department of Dental Hygiene, Gimcheon University, Gimcheon, Korea
Correspondence to: Ok Sun Choi
E-mail: oschoi2@nate.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5906-8742
Received May 17, 2019; Revised June 11, 2019; Accepted June 12, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the oral care behaviors of the subjects by sex and age.
Methods: A questionnaire survey was implemented using 96 persons (45 males and 51 females) who had gingivitis and periodontal disease at Kim Dental Clinic in Daejeon city from January 2 to March 10, 2015.
Results: The greater the experience of prophylaxis education and the experience of brushing by the subjects, the more likely the subjects were to be brushing their teeth properly (p<0.05). Also, the use of interdental toothbrushes increased with age, while the use of dental floss also increased with age (p<0.05). The younger subjects enjoyed soda, cake and candy, and confectionary more markedly, while the elderly subjects over 61 years enjoyed snacks with sugar (p<0.05). Among those under 20 years of age, gum edema and halitosis were very common, while bleeding and tooth mobility problems when brushing were more prominent among those who were 41 years of age or older.
Conclusion:To prevent the periodontal disease, proper toothbrushing techniques should be effectively communicated by experts, and oral hygiene devices should be also used continuously. Informing subjects of the importance of bacterial membrane management through periodontal oral examination and gum treatment is also necessary. Various kinds of programs for improving oral health are to be developed so that the periodontal disease is reduced in its frequency of occurrence.
Keywords : periodontitis, oral health behavior, oral care device, health promotion, preventive care
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June 2019, 15 (2)