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Dentin Hypersensitivity: Etiology, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Recent Trends in Management
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2019;15(2):73-76
Published online June 30, 2019;
© 2019 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Surbhi Agarwal

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College, Moradabad, India
Correspondence to: Surbhi Agarwal
Received April 29, 2019; Revised May 27, 2019; Accepted June 17, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Dentin hypersensitivity is dental pain which is sharp in nature and persist for short duration, a comes from exposed dentin surfaces in response to stimuli, mainly thermal, tactile, osmotic, chemical or electrical. The main cause of sensitivity is receding gums with exposure of root surfaces, loss of the cementum layer and smear layer, and tooth wear. Theoretically noticed, the reported incidence is usually higher than when clinical examination is used. Overall, it is estimated to affect about 20% of the general population to some degree. The diagnosis of dentin hypersensitivity may be challenging. It is a diagnosis of exclusion, reached once all other possible explanations for the pain have been ruled out. There is no universally accepted, gold-standard treatment which reliably relieves the pain of dental hypersensitivity in the long term, and consequently many treatments have been suggested which have varying degrees of efficacy when scientifically studied. Generally, they can be divided into in-office, or treatments which can be carried out at home, available over-the-counter or by prescription. Non-invasive, simple treatments which can be carried out at home should be attempted before in-office procedures are carried out.
Keywords : Dentin, Dentin tubule, Dentin hypersensitivity, Desensitizing agent
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June 2019, 15 (2)