search for


The Relationship between the Symptom of the Gingiva and the Quality of Life for Transportation Business Workers
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2019;15(1):19-24
Published online March 30, 2019;
© 2019 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Eun-Hee Kim

Department of Dental Hygiene, Kyungwoon University, Gumi, Korea
Received February 28, 2019; Revised March 14, 2019; Accepted March 17, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objective: Workers in transportation business have some professional characteristics such as long working hour, irregular eating. These characteristics have influence on the workers’ oral health. So, the purpose of the study is to examine self-gingival symptoms and quality of life. Also, how these symptoms have influence on quality of life is examined.
Methods: A total of 487 adult volunteers who working in transportation business in Daegu and Gumi city in Kyeongbuk province participated in a survey for 2 months from June to July 2017. Correlation analysis, t-test and ANOVA analysis a were performed using the PASW ver. 18.0 program.
Results: First, general characteristics include Sex, age, level of education, income, types of business, and working hours. Male participants were 441 and accounted for 90.6%. In age, 50s and 40s was 43.9% and 26.5%, respectively. In terms of level of education, 50.1% graduated from a high school and 39.8% graduated from a university. A total of 55.9% of the participants were on median income class, and 33.0% were on low income class. A total of 191 participants accounting for 39.2% were involved in a small size of passenger transportation, and 149 participants accounting for 30.6% were in a large size of the same industry. In working hours, 259 participants (53.2%) worked 9 to 12 hours and 173 participants (35.5%) worked 7 to 8 hours. Second, in self-gingival, over 60s was highest, and high school graduates were highest in level of education. In types of business, workers in a large size passenger transportation industry were highest. In contrast, workers involved in railroad industry had the lowest figure. Third, the result of how self-gingival has influence on quality of life was statistically meaningful in all factors except for psychological factor. That is, high incidence of self-gingival symptoms meant low quality of life.
Conclusion: Considering oral health development programs and plans can improve quality of life of workers in transportation industry, these measures should be made according to characteristics of workers in transportation field.
Keywords : transportation business workers, gingival symptom, quality of life
  1. Kim EY. Influence of type D personality and stress on incidence risk of cardiovascular disease among male bus drivers. Korean J Stress Res 2013;21:183-91.
  2. Kim SM, Lee HS. Oral health belief and oral health behavior of taxi driver in Jeollabuk-do. J Dent Hyg Sci 2015;15:542-50.
  3. Jang SA, Kim YS. Effects of stress and depression on oral health status of middle aged population in Korea. Hanyang Univ J Aging Soc 2013;4:71-90.
  4. Yun SH, Suh CJ. The effects of the scaling health insurance coverage expansion policy on the use of dental services among patients with gingivitis and periodontal diseases. Korean J Health Econ Policy 2016;22:143-62.
  5. Choi YY, Lee JY, Lee HY, Jin BH. Assessment of the quality of life and oral health status in diabetic patients. J Korean Acad Oral Health 2015;39:207-13.
  6. Cho BR, Min KH. Proper range decision for each level of the individual oral health index score for incremental dental care system in adolescence and young adults. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2017;13:141-6.
  7. Lee EG. Comparison of the quality of life of adults and elderly. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2012;12:1017-26.
  8. Woo HS, Kim SS. Study on Korean adults' subjective oral status & dental health behavior according to occupation. Int J Clin Prev Dent 2013;9:23-30.
  9. Moon BA, Jeong SR, Jang JY, Kim KY. Health-related quality of life by oral health behavior and oral health status for the middle-aged people. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2015;15:197-204.
  10. Kim JH, Lee JH. General aspect of residents in Youngnam area and subjective evaluation about oral health and quality of life along with health activity. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2008;8:279-91.
  11. Hong MH. Risk factors for the prevalence of periodontal diseases among adult workers. J Korea Acad-Ind Cooper Soc 2014;15:3706-13.
  12. Heo SE. A convergence study on the effect of subjective systemic health status and health behavior on oral health-related quality of life. J Korea Converg Soc 2018;9:135-42.
  13. Kim JH. Socioeconomic status in perceived oral health and contribution of oral health behavioral factors on convergence. J Korea Converg Soc 2018;9:337-43.
  14. Kim MR. An analysis of the factors affecting the quality of life:a comparison by age and gender. J Korean Gerontol Soc 2012;32:145-61.
  15. Yoon MH. Subjective oral health-related quality of life in adults who visited dental clinic. J Korean Acad Dent Hyg 2010;12:327-37.
  16. Park ES, Choi JS. The effect of health status on general quality of life and oral health related quality of life in the middle-aged adults. J Dent Hyg Sci 2012;12:624-33.

March 2020, 16 (1)