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A Study on Oral Health Status of Infants according to Mothers Oral Health Knowledge and Needs
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2018;14(2):132-139
Published online June 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2018.14.2.132
© 2018 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Cheon-Hee Lee1, Eun-Sook Lee2, Sun-Sook Kim3, Jeung-Hee Seung4

1Department of Dental Hygiene, Andong Science College, Andong, 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Gimcheon University, Gimcheon, 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Suwon Women’s University, Suwon, 4Department of Dental Hygiene, Catholic Sangji College, Andong, Korea
Correspondence to: Cheon-Hee Lee
Department of Dental Hygiene, Andong Science College, 189 Seoseon-gil, Seohu-myeon, Andong 36616, Korea. 
Tel: +82-54-851-3676, Fax: +82-54-852-9908, E-mail: arisu0515@hanmail.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3203-8025
Received June 5, 2018; Revised June 9, 2018; Accepted June 19, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health status of the children according to the oral health knowledge and oral care method of the mother and to increase the interest of the mother in the child oral cavity and to find out effective management method and oral health improvement for the prevention of dental caries in infants. 
Methods: Decay teeth, missing teeth, and number of teeth (filling teeth) were measured for the dental hygienists and the children who visited the laboratories in the A, G, S city, sealant treatment, and dental microfilm management score were recorded and the questionnaire, which asked the knowledge of oral health knowledge and preventive care needs, was distributed to kindergartners before the start of the study. 
Results: ‘Fluoride treatment is necessary for the prevention of cavities’ 69.7% of the infant’s mother’s education level is higher than college graduates, and 59.1% of ‘sealant is necessary for the prevention of cavities’ is a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). Infant brushing education, gender, and age were significantly higher in control group than control group (p<0.01). 
Conclusion: The knowledge of the oral health of the mother and the need of the preventive treatment are believed to be related to the oral health status of infants.
Keywords : oral health knowledge, oral health status, O’Leary index
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June 2018, 14 (2)