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An Analysis of Some University Students' Smoking Experience and Perception of Oral Health
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2018;14(2):119-125
Published online June 30, 2018
© 2018 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Hyo-Jeong Kim 

Department of Dental Hygiene, Andong Science College, Andong, Korea
Correspondence to: Hyo-Jeong Kim
Department of Dental Hygiene, Andong Science College, 189 Seoseon-gil, Seohu-myeon, Andong 36616, Korea. 
Tel: +82-54-851-3675, Fax: +82-54-852-9907, E-mail: med8097@hotmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5407-2718
Received May 18, 2018; Revised June 20, 2018; Accepted June 22, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: This study was conducted to provide a fundamental material for preventing university students’ smoking and developing an oral health program for non-smoking education.
Methods: The study subjects were non-health majoring students (363) and health majoring students (385) a self-administered questionnaire survey had been conducted  from December 2017 to April 2018.
Results: In terms of distribution depending on general characteristics, there were significant differences depending on sex and age (p<0.001). In terms of the oral health pattern based distribution, there were significant differences in tooth-brushing method and oral health interest (p<0.001). Regarding the multiple response group distribution based on oral health patterns, there were significant differences in oral hygienic product use (p<0.001), gum symptoms (p<0.01), tooth brushing time (p<0.01). Regarding the smoking pattern based distribution, there were significant differences in smoking times (p<0.01), non-smoking trial (p<0.001), and non-smoking plan (p<0.05). Regarding the multiple response group distribution based on smoking patterns, there were significant differences in smoking place (p<0.001) and non-smoking reason (p<0.001). Regarding the oral health knowledge based distribution, there were significant differences in ‘smoking causes dental caries’ (p<0.001), ‘smoking influences periodontal disease’ (p<0.05), ‘smoking causes white spots’ (p<0.001), ‘smoking damages health’ (p<0.05), and ‘smokers catch a cold more easily than non-smokers’ (p<0.05). 
Conclusion: This study tries to analyze university students’ smoking pattern, oral care pattern, and oral health knowledge with the study subjects which include health majoring and non-health majoring university students in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheong-do, Gyeongsangnam-do, and Gyeongsangbuk-do in order to contribute to providing a fundamental material for developing a smoking education and oral health education program.
Keywords : smoking, no-smoking, education


June 2018, 14 (2)