search for




 

An Analysis of Some University Students' Smoking Experience and Perception of Oral Health
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2018;14(2):119-125
Published online June 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2018.14.2.119
© 2018 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Hyo-Jeong Kim 

Department of Dental Hygiene, Andong Science College, Andong, Korea
Correspondence to: Hyo-Jeong Kim
Department of Dental Hygiene, Andong Science College, 189 Seoseon-gil, Seohu-myeon, Andong 36616, Korea. 
Tel: +82-54-851-3675, Fax: +82-54-852-9907, E-mail: med8097@hotmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5407-2718
Received May 18, 2018; Revised June 20, 2018; Accepted June 22, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: This study was conducted to provide a fundamental material for preventing university students’ smoking and developing an oral health program for non-smoking education.
Methods: The study subjects were non-health majoring students (363) and health majoring students (385) a self-administered questionnaire survey had been conducted  from December 2017 to April 2018.
Results: In terms of distribution depending on general characteristics, there were significant differences depending on sex and age (p<0.001). In terms of the oral health pattern based distribution, there were significant differences in tooth-brushing method and oral health interest (p<0.001). Regarding the multiple response group distribution based on oral health patterns, there were significant differences in oral hygienic product use (p<0.001), gum symptoms (p<0.01), tooth brushing time (p<0.01). Regarding the smoking pattern based distribution, there were significant differences in smoking times (p<0.01), non-smoking trial (p<0.001), and non-smoking plan (p<0.05). Regarding the multiple response group distribution based on smoking patterns, there were significant differences in smoking place (p<0.001) and non-smoking reason (p<0.001). Regarding the oral health knowledge based distribution, there were significant differences in ‘smoking causes dental caries’ (p<0.001), ‘smoking influences periodontal disease’ (p<0.05), ‘smoking causes white spots’ (p<0.001), ‘smoking damages health’ (p<0.05), and ‘smokers catch a cold more easily than non-smokers’ (p<0.05). 
Conclusion: This study tries to analyze university students’ smoking pattern, oral care pattern, and oral health knowledge with the study subjects which include health majoring and non-health majoring university students in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheong-do, Gyeongsangnam-do, and Gyeongsangbuk-do in order to contribute to providing a fundamental material for developing a smoking education and oral health education program.
Keywords : smoking, no-smoking, education
References
  1. Linden GJ, Mullally BH. Cigarette smoking and periodontal destruction in young adults. J Periodontol 1994;65:718-23.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  2. Krall EA, Dawson-Hughes B, Garvey AJ, Garcia RI. Smoking, smoking cessation, and tooth loss. J Dent Res 1997;76:1653-9.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  3. Tada A, Hanada N. Sexual differences in smoking behaviour and dental caries experience in young adults. Public Health 2002;116:341-6.
    CrossRef
  4. Dye BA, Vargas CM. The use of a modified CPITN approach to estimate periodontal treatment needs among adults aged 20-79 years by socio-demographic characteristics in the United States, 1988-94. Community Dent Health 2002;19:215-23.
    Pubmed
  5. Thornton A, Lee P, Fry J. Differences between smokers, ex-smokers, passive smokers and non-smokers. J Clin Epidemiol 1994;47:1143-62.
    CrossRef
  6. Johansson SE, Sundquist J. Change in lifestyle factors and their influence on status and all-cause motality. Int J Epidemiol 1999;28:1073-80.
    CrossRef
  7. Sherwood NE, Hennrikus DJ, Jeffery RW, Lando HA, Murray DM. Smokers with multiple behavioral risk factors: how are they different? Prev Med 2000;31:299-307.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  8. Kim GB, Paik DI, Moon HS, Jin BH, Song YH. Dentists and dental patients attitudes toward oral hygiene devices selection. J Korean Acad Oral Health 1992;16:493-504.
  9. Jeong MK, Lee ES, Kim JH, Kim MJ, Han DH, Kim JB. Toothbrushing habits of dental hygiene students and students majoring non-health related field. J Korean Acad Dent Hyg Educ 2009;9:1-17.
  10. Paek KS, Kwon YS. The effects of a smoking cessations health camp among adolescent smokers. J East-West Nurs Res 2010;16:105-12.
  11. Yang NY, Kim HS, Lee OJ. Affecting factors on smoking cessation intension of the university student smokers. Korea Sport Res 2006;17:1251-360.
  12. Kim SS, Lee JJ. A study on the relationship between smoking and job-seeking stress, job-seeking anxiety, and self-esteem in college students: focused on college students in local cities. J Hum Soc Sci 2017;8:93-110.
    CrossRef
  13. Kim SW. A study of college students smoking behavior and smoking related characteristics in one region. J Korean Soc Sch Health Educ 2012;13:59-76.
  14. Lee JW. Effects of the family and friends on smoking behavior of college students. Korean J Soc Sci 2012;34:79-89.


September 2018, 14 (3)