search for




 

A Clinical Study on the Dental and Tongue Plaque Removal Effect by Use of 360° Round Toothbrush with Soft Bristle
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2018;14(2):106-111
Published online June 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2018.14.2.106
© 2018 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Jin-Sil Kim1, Kyu-Hwan Lee2, Seung-Chul Shin3, Jee-Hyun Lim4

1Department of Oral Health, Graduate School, Dankook University, Cheonan, 2Health Promotion Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, 3Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, 4Department of Dental Hygiene, Taegu Science University, Daegu, Korea
Correspondence to: Kyu-Hwan Lee
Health Promotion Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 82 Gumi-ro 173beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 13620, Korea. 
Tel: +82-31-787-2420, Fax: +82-31-787-4014, E-mail: recovery@hanmail.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0918-8711
Received May 18, 2018; Revised June 16, 2018; Accepted June 18, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: In order to prove the effect of removing the plaque attached on the tooth surface and the dorsum of the tongue of dental patients equipped with orthodontic appliance, a clinical trial was conducted. 
Methods: Sixty adult volunteers who were equipped with a fixed type of orthodontic appliance participated in this study and they were divided into two groups: experimental group who were supplied with 360o round toothbrushes and control group who were provided with V shaped concave type bristle plane toothbrushes as routine type toothbrushes for the patients equipped with the orthodontic appliance. Simplified patient hygiene performance (S-PHP) index and tongue plaque index were measured 4 times: before this experiment, a week later, and 2 and 4 weeks later after this experiment, and the data were collected and compared between the experimental group and the control as time goes by. 
Results: S-PHP index and tongue plaque index decreased in experimental group after 2 and 4 weeks later, but this result wasn’t significantly meaningful between experimental group and the control (p<0.01). It revealed decreasing tendency of S-PHP and tongue plaque index in experimental group as time goes by (p<0.05). 
Conclusion: It was recommended to use 360o round head toothbrushes with a proper instruction for cleaning tooth surface and appliance in order to remove the dental plaque and tongue plaque effectively.
Keywords : toothbrush, oral health, orthodontic appliance, dental plaque
References
  1. Kim JB, Paik DI, Moon HS, Kim HD, Jin BH, Choi YJ, et al. Preventive dentistry. 4th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2004:225-87.
  2. Finkelstein P, Grossman E. The clinical quantitative assessment of the mechanical cleaning efficiency of toothbrushes. Clin Prev Dent 1984;6:7-12.
    Pubmed
  3. Kim JB, Choi YJ, Moon HS, Kim JB, Kim DG, Lee YS, et al. Public health dentistry. 4th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2004:79-82,100-4, 204-8.
  4. Chatterjee R. Kleinberg I. Effect of orthodontic band placement on the chemical composition of human incisor tooth plaque. Arch Oral Biol 1979;24:97-100.
    CrossRef
  5. Boersma JG, van der Veen MH, Lagerweij MD, Bokhout B, Prahl-Andersen B. Caries prevalence measured with QLF after treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances: influencing factors. Caries Res 2005;39:41-7.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  6. Kiliçoğlu H, Yildirim M, Polater H. Comparison of the effectiveness of two types of toothbrushes on the oral hygiene of patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1997;111:591-4.
    CrossRef
  7. Boyd RL, Murray P, Robertson PB. Effect of rotary electric toothbrush versus manual toothbrush on periodontal status during orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1989;96:342-7.
    CrossRef
  8. Cha KS. Research on plaque removal by sonic toothbrush for patients with a fixed orthodontic appliance. Korean J Orthod 2004;34:189-95.
  9. Lundström F, Hamp SE. Effect of oral hygiene education on children with and without subsequent orthodontic treatment. Scand J Dent Res 1980;88:53-9.
    CrossRef
  10. Hwang CJ. Analysis of characteristics of medical accidents and disputes in orthodontic area. Korean J Orthod 1999;29:1-15.
  11. Jackson CL. Comparison between electric toothbrushing and manual toothbrushing, with and without oral irrigation, for oral hygiene of orthodontic patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1991;99:15-20.
    CrossRef
  12. Trimpeneers LM, Wijgaerts IA, Grognard NA, Dermaut LR, Adriaens PA. Effect of electric toothbrushes versus manual toothbrushes on removal of plaque and periodontal status during orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1997;111:492-7.
    CrossRef
  13. Choi JH. Comparison of slim bristled and V-shaped orthodontic toothbrushes in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. Korean J Orthod 2009;39:383-92.
    CrossRef


June 2018, 14 (2)