search for




 

Usefulness of Salivary Testing Machine on Oral Care Management: Pilot Study
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2018;14(1):89-94
Published online March 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2018.14.1.89
© 2018 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Hyewon Kim, Jongbin Kim

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea
Correspondence to: Jongbin Kim
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan31116, Korea. 
Tel: +82-41-550-1921, Fax: +82–41–550- 0118, E-mail: jbkim0222@dankook.ac.kr
Received March 16, 2018; Revised March 21, 2018; Accepted March 22, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the amount of cariogenic bacteria, acidity, buffer capacity, blood, leukocyte, protein, and ammonia from the saliva component to determine the possibility of using salivary testing machine. Methods: The study was conducted on 10 male and female adults. Subjects were treated with herbal medicinal toothpaste for 2 weeks, and then examined with an anterior and postoperative salivary testing machine.Results: After 2 weeks of use of the toothpaste, the mean value of the results was lower for all indicators except for acidity. White blood cells and protein levels, indicators related to gum health, have improved.Conclusion: The latest salivary testing machine can be useful for simple and effective evaluation of oral diseases and prediction of risk in difficult-to-cooperate children.
Keywords : saliva test, caries detection, periodontal disease, halitosis
References
  1. Hamada S, Slade HD. Biology, immunology, and cariogenicity of Streptococcus mutans. Microbiol Rev 1980;44:331-84.
    Pubmed
  2. Bratthall D. Selection for prevention of high caries risk groups. J Dent Res 1980;59:2178-82.
  3. Lee DH, Hong SO, Lee SR. Dental caries management of a patient with a high caries risk based on the caries risk assessment: a case report. Korean J Dent Mater 2016;43:231-8.
    CrossRef
  4. Gu F, Lux R, Anderson MH, del Aguila MA, Wolinsky L, Hume WR, et al. Analyses of Streptococcus mutans in saliva with species-specific monoclonal antibodies. Hybrid Hybridomics 2002;21:225-32.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  5. Tanzer JM. On changing the cariogenic chemistry of coronal plaque. J Dent Res 1989;68:1576-87.
  6. French CK, Savitt ED, Simon SL, Eklund SM, Chen MC, Klotz LC, et al. DNA probe detection of periodontal pathogens. Oral Microbiol Immunol 1986;1:58-62.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  7. Min JH, Yoon HC, Kim JK, Kang SM, Kim BI. Assessment of acidogenic potential for dental biofilms by periodontal health condition. J Dent Hyg Sci 2015;15:202-8.
    CrossRef
  8. Ferretti JJ, Ward M. Susceptibility of Streptococcus mutans to antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1976;10: 274-6.
    CrossRef
  9. Svanberg M, Westergren G. Effect of SnF2, administered as mouthrinses or topically applied, on streptococcus mutans, streptococcus sanguis and lactobacilli in dental plaque and saliva. Scand J Dent Res 1983;91:123-9.
    CrossRef
  10. Fontana M, Zero DT. Assessing patients’ caries risk. J Am Dent Assoc 2006;137:1231-9.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  11. Twetman S, Fontana M. Patient caries risk assessment. Monogr Oral Sci 2009;21:91-101.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  12. Twetman L, Twetman S. Comparison of two chair-side tests for enumeration of mutans streptococci in saliva. Oral Health Dent Manag 2014;13:580-3.
    Pubmed
  13. Emilson CG, Axelsson P, Kallenberg L. Effect of mechanical and chemical plaque control measures on oral microflora in schoolchildren. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1982;10:111-6.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  14. Togelius J, Kristoffersson K, Anderson H, Bratthall D. Streptococcus mutans in saliva: intraindividual variations and relation to the number of colonized sites. Acta Odontol Scand 1984;42: 157-63.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  15. Krasse B. Can microbiological knowledge be applied in dental practice for the treatment and prevention of dental caries. J Can Dent Assoc 1984;50:221-3.
    Pubmed
  16. Samaranayake LP. Essential microbiology for dentistry. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingston; 2002:205-32.
  17. Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Textbook of pediatric dentistry. 5th ed. Seoul: Yenang; 2014.
  18. Demers M, Brodeur JM, Simard PL, Mouton C, Veilleux G, Fréchette S. Caries predictors suitable for mass-screenings in children: a literature review. Community Dent Health 1990;7: 11-21.
    Pubmed
  19. Dowd FJ. Saliva and dental caries. Dent Clin North Am 1999; 43:579-97.
    Pubmed
  20. Buergers R, Rosentritt M, Handel G. Bacterial adhesion of Streptococcus mutans to provisional fixed prosthodontic material. J Prosthet Dent 2007;98:461-9.
    CrossRef
  21. Paik DI, Kim HD, Jin BH, Park YD, Shin SC, Cho JW, et al. Clinical preventive dentistry. 5th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2011: 266-78.
    Pubmed
  22. Genshaw MA. Color aspects of reagents used visually in clinical analysis. Color Res Appl 1985;10:235-44.
    CrossRef
  23. Amano A, Yoshida Y, Oho T, Koga T. Monitoring ammonia to assess halitosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2002;94:692-6.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  24. Heo SJ, Shin TJ, Hyun HK, Kim JW, Jang KT, Lee SH, et al. A pilot study of relationship between early childhood caries experience and chair-side test results for caries-risk assessment. J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent 2017;44:298-305.
    CrossRef
  25. Snyder ML. Laboratory methods in the clinical evaluation of caries activity. J Am Dent Assoc 1951;42:400-13.
    Pubmed CrossRef


June 2018, 14 (2)