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Gingivitis Reducing Effect of Dentifrices Containing Zinc Citrate
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2017;13(4):217-222
Published online December 31, 2017;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2017.13.4.217
© 2017 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Soo-A Kim1, Ja-Won Cho1,2

1Department of Oral Health, Graduate School of Health and Welfare, Dankook University, 2Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea
Correspondence to: Ja-Won Cho
Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan 31116, Korea. Tel: +82-41-550-1953, Fax: +82-41-553-6582, E-mail: priscus @dku.edu
Received October 22, 2017; Revised December 6, 2017; Accepted December 6, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: This study tried to explore the preventive effect of zinc citrate-containing dentifrices on oral diseases based on their gingivitis reducing effect by measuring and comparing the changes of gingival-periodontal indices and dental plaque in each time period.Methods: A total of 120 adults with mild to moderate gingivitis were selected and divided into experimental group and control group (60 adults per group). Using experimental and control dentifrices containing respectively zinc citrate and just dental-type silica, we measured and recorded Calculus, Papillary Marginal Attachment (PMA), Gingival, Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP), and Plaque index at four time points (before, and 1, 2, 4 weeks after, oral examination) over the study period. Results: One week after the examination, statistically significant gingivitis reducing effect was found in all indices except for Calculus index in the experimental group. At 2 and 4 weeks after the examination, gingivitis was also significantly reduced in the experimental group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Zinc citrate-containing dentifrices have a remarkable effect on reducing gingivitis and mitigating bad breath.
Keywords : toothpastes, dentifrices, gingivitis
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