search for




 

The Artificial Plaque Removal Effect at the Gingival Sulcus by Use of Newly Designed Sulcus Cleansing Tooth-Brush
Int J Clin Prev Dent 2017;13(3):129-134
Published online September 30, 2017;  https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2017.13.3.129
© 2017 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

Hye-Won Park1, Eun-Sim Kim2, Eun-Joo Na3, Mi-Hae Yun3

1Dankook University Sejong Dental Hospital, Sejong, 2Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, 3Department Dental Hygiene, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence to: Mi-Hae Yun
Department Dental Hygiene, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology, 21 Chungjeong-ro, Dong-gu, Daejeon 34504, Korea. 
Tel: +82-41-550-1953, Fax: +82-41-553-6582, E-mail: papa0710@nate.com
Received September 13, 2017; Revised September 18, 2017; Accepted September 19, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objective: Effective removal of the dental plaque in the gingival sulcus and proper massage of the gingiva have been the important things to control the early stage of gingivitis, through the development of newly designed tooth-brush use. Methods: Three groups of materials were classified as experimental group for sulcus tooth-brush, positive control group as using the modified sulcus tooth-brush, and the control group as the plane tooth-brush as Buttler No. 209. Partial dentition model was produced as frontal and posterior portion by use of the extracted teeth on Molar teeth and upper anterior teeth on the dental plaster covered with the latex typed and open and close typed artificial gingiva. 10 times back and forth movement tooth-brushing was performed to all groups of the dental models, painted with the artificial plaque and plaque dying on the tooth surface and in the gingival sulcus, by use of the automatic tooth-brushing machine. The residual amounts of the artificial plaque was calculated and estimate the relative amounts of the removal of the artificial plaque in the dental plaque on each group, and compared them each others.Results: The clearance area of the artificial plaque in the gingival sulcus area was more in experimental group or positive control group than that of the control group at all portions of the tooth both in anterior and posterior teeth.Conclusion: Sulcus cleansing U-shaped tooth-brush was recommended to use for the Bass technique tooth-brushing in order to cleansing the dental plaque.
Keywords : periodontal diseases, toothbrushing, oral hygiene
References
  1. Kim JB, Choi EG, Moon HS, Kim JB, Kim DK, Lee HS, et al. Public health dentistry. 4th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2004:29-31.
  2. Kim JB, Choi EG, Paik DI, Shin SC, Chang KW, Hong SJ, et al. Preventive dentistry. 5th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2009:33-87.
  3. Yang SJ, Moon HS, Kim JB. A study on the effect of toothbrushing and tongue-brushing in reduction of oral malodor. J Korean Acad Oral Health 1993;17:268-78.
  4. Paik DI, Kim HD, Jin BH, Park YD, Shin SC, Cho JW, et al. Clinical preventive dentistry. 5th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2011:65-79, 81-90.
  5. Kim JB, Paik DI, Shin SC, Kim DK, Jin BH, Park DY. Introduction to dentistry. 6th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2004:17-29.
  6. Axelsson P, Lindhe J. Effect of controlled oral hygiene procedures on caries and periodontal disease in adults. J Clin Periodontol 1978;5:133-51.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  7. Kim JB, Choi EG, Paik DI, Shin SC, Chang KW, Hong SJ, et al. Preventive dentistry. 4th ed. Seoul: Komoonsa; 2004:31-84.
  8. Yang JS, Lim SA, Seong JH, Kim DK. A study on the elasticity loss of various toothbrushes. J Korean Acad Oral Health 2002;26:341-59.
  9. Sangnes G. Effectiveness of vertical and horizontal toothbrushing techniques in the removal of plaque. II. Comparison of brushing by six-year-old children and their parents. ASDC J Dent Child 1974;41:119-23.
    Pubmed
  10. Kremers L, Lampert F, Etzold C. Comparative clinical studies on 2 toothbrushing methods: Roll and Bass technic. Dtsch Zahnarztl Z 1978;33:58-60.
    Pubmed
  11. Poyato-Ferrera M, Segura-Egea JJ, Bullón-Fernández P. Comparison of modified Bass technique with normal toothbrushing practices for efficacy in supragingival plaque removal. Int J Dent Hyg 2003;1:110-4.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  12. Bergenholtz A, Gustafsson LB, Segerlund N, Hagberg C, Ostby N. Role of brushing technique and toothbrush design in plaque removal. Scand J Dent Res 1984;92:344-51.
    CrossRef
  13. Pihlstrom BL, Michalowicz BS, Johnson NW. Periodontal diseases. Lancet 2005;366:1809-20.
    CrossRef
  14. Armitage GC. Clinical evaluation of periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000 1995;7:39-53.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  15. Brown LJ, Löe H. Prevalence, extent, severity and progression of periodontal disease. Periodontol 2000 1993;2:57-71.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  16. Löe H, Anerud A, Boysen H, Morrison E. Natural history of periodontal disease in man. Rapid, moderate and no loss of attachment in Sri Lankan laborers 14 to 46 years of age. J Clin Periodontol 1986;13:431-45.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  17. Papapanou PN, Wennström JL. A 10-year retrospective study of periodontal disease progression. Clinical characteristics of subjects with pronounced and minimal disease development. J Clin Periodontol 1990;17:78-84.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  18. Carranza FA. Glickman's clinical periodontology. 6th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1984:342-90.
  19. Stillman PR. A philosophy of the treatment of periodontal disease. Dent Dig 1932;38:315-9.
  20. Axelsson P. Preventive materials, methods, and programs. Chicago: Quintessence Pub Co; 2004:37.


September 2017, 13 (3)