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Is Joint Tooth Brushing an Effective Program for Improving Dental Health among Elementary Students? - A Study from Jakarta, Indonesia
International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry 2011;7(3):149-153
Published online September 30, 2011
© 2011 International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry.

R. R. Darwita, Diah Ayu Maharani, A. Rahardjo, D. P. Puspa, R. Amalia, Sandy D. P.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a joint tooth brushing program at an elementary school in Jakarta.
Methods: An intervention program to improve the oral health of elementary students was conducted over a 6-month period. The program consisted of dental health education and daily indoor two-minute sessions of joint tooth brushing. We sampled a total of 57 students from the first and second grades. Each one was interviewed and was subject to oral examinations before and after the program was implemented. Moreover, questionnaires were also administered to the teachers. Then they were trained as an instructor for the program. These programs were conducted daily before the beginning of class.
Results: Significant changes in saliva pH and plaque pH scores was found for students. Moreover, teachers' awareness of dental healthcare also increased. Finally, teachers were actively engaged when acting as tooth brushing program instructors.
Conclusion: Teachers conducting daily, indoor, two-minute, joint tooth brushing programs could motivate students to maintain their oral health. This in turn leads to a decreased prevalence of dental caries among elementary school students.
Keywords : oral health, tooth brushing program, elementary school students

September 2018, 14 (3)