International Journal of Clinical Preventive Dentistry

Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2287-6197   pISSN 1738-8546

Table. 4.

Table. 4.

Percentage of smile consciousness by country

Japan (n=109) U.S.A. (n=83) Indonesia (n=70) p-value
Gesture of covering the mouth with the hand 55 (50.5) 13 (15.7) 13 (18.6) <0.001*
Reasons of lacking confidence 79 (72.5) 14 (16.9) 11 (15.7) <0.001*
(1) Tooth alignment 50 (45.9) 3 (3.6) 7 (10.0) <0.001*
(2) Tooth color 27 (24.8) 7 (8.4) 1 (1.4) <0.001*
(3) Tooth shape 12 (11.0) 2 (2.4) 3 (4.3) 0.039*
(4) Mouth corners position 23 (21.1) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.4) <0.001*
(5) Visibility of gums 13 (11.9) 4 (4.8) 7 (10.0) 0.230
(6) Color of gums 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.494
(7) Halitosis 5 (4.6) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 0.098
(8) Others 4 (3.7) 6 (7.2) 0 (0.0) 0.067
Goodness of smile for mind and body 108 (99.1) 80 (96.4) 68 (97.1) 0.434

Values are presented as number (%). *p<0.05.

Int J Clin Prev Dent 2020;16:209-14 https://doi.org/10.15236/ijcpd.2020.16.4.209
© 2020 Int J Clin Prev Dent